Understanding More About HIE
Oftentimes, brain cells injury takes place in the event that the oxygen supply to the brain isn’t adequate. In this process, some cells may die and some might just survive. A common cause for oxygen deprivation to the brain is low oxygen levels in the blood or perhaps, reduced flow of oxygen to the brain. This could happen in many different ways before birth, during birth process, after birth and even during childhood.
There are different alternate diagnosis for this condition actually including perinatal asphyxia, perinatal encephalopathy, neonatal encephalopathy or birth asphyxia. In reality, HIE injury can happen in two stages, one of it is that it can happen almost immediately after oxygen deprivation and the other is when the normal oxygenated blood circulation has resumed to the brain. Fact is, this is also called as reperfusion injury by experts which could happen because the toxins are released from the damaged cells.
Many are wondering what and how HIE happens. On the What part, you may be surprised that there are so many causes for HIE and these include near SIDS events, cardiac arrests, placental blood clots, aneurysm rupture, cord prolapsed, trauma during delivery, extremely low maternal blood pressure, true umbilical knots, placental abruption, uterine rupture, placental insufficiency, shoulder dystocia, cord compression, fetal maternal hemorrhage and maternal blood clotting disorders.
As for the diagnosis of HIE in newborn baby, this is carried out by using several diagnostic tools and among which is the Sarnat Scale. This is basically based on how the baby looks like after injury or birth or presentation at hospital. In addition to that, it can be diagnosed as well through imaging similar to MRI, ultrasound and EEG while other health experts are checking for cord blood gas levels.
As for the treatment of HIE, this one will check at the criteria first. More often than not, it has shown to reduce disability and death as well to perform cooling or therapeutic hypothermia. Whether you believe it or not, the cooling treatment is widely used. Of course, this is not the only available treatment you can use since there are many of them worldwide.
As for the therapeutic hypothermia, it can be done on the entire body or via the cooling cap that’s placed on the head. The baby may be given with other medical treatments to be able to stop seizures or to support organs while they are on their recovery period.